The grain logistics in China.

The grain logistics in China.

Nowadays Chinese grain logistics resources are disperse, and grain logistic enterprises are of big quantities but small-scale, difficult to form the scale economy. As the grain logistics facilities are often very large investment projects, common enterprise is difficult to bear it; on the other hand, effective logistics facilities are not immediate profit, there is a strong external effects between individual logistics project - complementary, highly dependent between each other. ROI will be the highest only in co-ordination planning, so most business investment attitude is not positive overall progress of the case.

At the moment, the construction of China 's major grain logistics infrastructure projects rely on enterprises to invest in rather than government investment, resulting in China's grain logistics infrastructure in the overall backwardness, low level of mechanization and automation facilities, the loss of food alarming rate. Because of the backward way of loading/unloading and transportation, loss of about 8 million tons of grain annually in China.With China's accession to WTO, food markets gradually with international standards on food production, packaging, marketing and other issues need to have the appropriate laws, regulations and industry standards to regulate the operation of the market . For example, currently PP woven bags(or known as PP bags) commonly used in the food market, there is not a uniform standards for food packaging, packaging legislation lags far behind more developed countries in the packaging industry.

As a modern grain logistics technology and advanced management mode of operation throughout the entire process of grain circulation, the government and enterprises should improve the understanding of modern grain logistics, learn and master advanced management techniques and modes of operation, according to their actual needs of the market and actively promote the use of modern grain logistics. At present, China Food Industry Association, Transport Association and other industry management system is being formed, and gradually standardized. These associations play a pivotal role in strengthening market supervision, standardize the operation of the market. On the issue of food logistics, as it involves a number of areas, involving different departments, industry associations should strengthen cooperation and overall study of modern grain logistics mode. To reduce logistics costs, save resources and reduce food losses and increase efficiency,the grain circulation "scattered" ( bulk loading, bulk unloading, bulk transportation and bulk storage) is the development direction.

1, The government should increase the strength of grain logistics technology and capital investment, through independent research and development and the introduction of foreign, accelerate the development of key grain logistics facilities and equipment, the development of common bulk grain trains, bulk grain containers and bulk grain cars as soon as possible, to promote the bulk grain transport technology and equipment, improve the logistics of food technology and equipment, to achieve food storage facilities, vehicles, machinery, information coding standardization and quality testing of loading and unloading. 2,Government should support large-scale grain logistics enterprises, give them the preferential policies on taxation. 3, The positive development of third-party food logistics enterprises, encourage investment in social capital and absorb grain logistics. 

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